15/12/2021 Wednesday 15th December 2021, 15:30 ()
Jennifer Israelsson and Helga Kristín Ólafsdóttir, University of Reading and Gothenburg University/Chalmers
In this theme session, two speakers will share their work regarding the extreme aspects of rainfall phenomena, in smaller 25-min presentations.
TALK 1: Jennifer Israelsson (University of Reading)
Estimating the dependence structure for extreme tropical rainfall; many issues and some success.
A great deal of research has been done on rainfall extremes over Europe and the US both in a univariate and bivariate setting thanks to the availability of high-quality data. There has however been very limited amount of work done over Africa, and close to none in a multivariate setting, due to the general lack of rain gauge observations and the poor performance of weather models. In this talk, I will present some of my PhD work on estimating the dependence structure in extreme daily rainfall over west Africa and how this connects with the monsoon cycle. I will also talk about some of the many issues and limitations we faced and how some of these might be addressed.
Jennifer Israelsson is a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Reading where she currently works on creating risk scenarios for local hospitals by translating regional climate projections to admissions at a hospital level. Her PhD was in the intersection of Statistics and Meteorology and focused on developing new methods to estimate dependence structures in daily tropical rainfall, and the application of those to better understand differences between rainfall intensities.
TALK 2: Helga Kristín Ólafsdóttir (Gothenburg University/Chalmers)
Frequency changes in extreme rainfall in the Northeastern USA
Extreme daily rainfall can increase with the individual extreme rainfalls becoming more frequent, more intense, or both more intense and more frequent. Based on the Generalized Extreme Value (GEV) distribution for annual maxima series and the General Pareto (GP) distribution for exceedances over threshold for the partial duration series, we develop a new statistical extreme value model, the PGEV model, allowing the use of high quality annual maximum series data instead of less well-checked daily data to estimate trends in intensity and frequency separately. The method is applied to annual maxima data from the NOAA Atlas 14, Volume 10. With increasing mean temperature, the frequency of extreme rainfall events increases as mean temperature increases while the distribution of the intensities of individual extreme rainfall events remains constant in the Northeastern US. We also study three other large areas in the contiguous US, the Midwest, the Southeast, and Texas, where similar but weaker trends than those in the Northeast are found.
Helga is a PhD student at Gothenburg University/Chalmers in Applied Mathematics and Statistics with focus on modelling and model evaluation of extremes with applications on extreme rainfall under climate change.