Statistical Boosting, Advanced Statistical Modeling And Clinical Reality
05/07/2023 Wednesday 5th July 2023, 14:00 ()
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Andreas Mayr, Department for Medical Biometry, Informatics, and Epidemiology University of Bonn, Germany
Biostatisticians nowadays can choose from a huge toolbox of advanced methods and algorithms for prediction purposes. Some of these tools are based on concepts from machine learning; other methods rely on more classical statistical modeling approaches. In clinical settings, doctors are sometimes reluctant to consider risk scores that are constructed by blackbox algorithms without clinically meaningful interpretation. Furthermore, even both an accurate and interpretable model will not often be used in practice, when it is based on variables that are difficult to obtain in clinical routine or when its calculation is too complex. In this talk, I will give a nontechnical introduction to statistical boosting algorithms which can be interpreted as the methodological intersection between machine learning and statistical modeling. Boosting is able to perform variable selection while estimating statistical models from potentially highdimensional data. It is mainly suitable for exploratory data analysis or prediction purposes. I will give an overview of some current methodological developments (including the development of polygenic scores) and provide an example of the construction of a clinical risk score with surprisingly simple solutions.
