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On the semigroup rank of a group

Gomes, Gracinda M. S.; Branco, Mário J. J.; Silva, Pedro V.

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For an arbitrary group G, it is shown that either the semigroup rank GrkS equals the group rank GrkG, or GrkS = GrkG + 1. This is the starting point for the rest of the article, where the semigroup rank for diverse kinds of groups is analysed. The semigroup rank of relatively free groups, for any variety of groups, is computed. For a finitely generated abelian group G, it is proven that GrkS = GrkG + 1 if and only if G is torsion-free. In general, this is not true. Partial results are obtained in the nilpotent case. It is also proven that if M is a connected closed surface, then (?1(M))rkS = (?1(M))rkG + 1 if and only if M is orientable.